Kts Tran Nguyen Quang
General Director, Sunjin Vietnam Joint Venture Company
ORGANIZATION OF GREEN PLANTS ON THE ROOF OF SCHOOL WORKS, THE DESIGN TREND CANNOT BE REMOVED.
In general, the organization of greenery on the roof of the building in general, especially school buildings in urban areas, has brought about many positive results. International experts have criticized the development of green trees on the roof of urban buildings, which will contribute to alleviating the “hunger for public green spaces” in the context of urbanization and urbanization. strong high-rise building development. The World Health Organization has published a long project asserting that public green spaces (whether on the ground or on the roof of a building) are of quality and safety, and easy to access bring many mental benefits. physical and physical for people, at the same time making the urban less hot, improving the quality of air, noise … Singapore experts have proven, bringing trees to the upper floors is the most effective solution to increase urban greenery area coefficients to create a sustainable ecological environment in the context of urban land area is always limited.
The design trend of “Greening” (Biophilic) in schools has become popular all over the world. The organization of green spaces and green spaces on roofs shows many very significant positive results, including:
- Join additional public green spaces for the urban area.
- Create beauty and identity, distinctive for school buildings.
- Contribute to creating the ecological landscape for the entire urban area, as well as for the environment of the school’s education and learning spaces.
- Enhancing students’ learning ability through enhancing physical activity, learning and exploring natural plants.
- Help reduce heat radiation on the roof, regulate microclimate, contribute to building an energy-saving and sustainable school space that is friendly with the environment.
Research results of the Carnegie Mellon University of Architecture have shown that the classrooms use rich natural light, with 20-26% of students achieving higher test results; with the classrooms decorated with plants, the results in spelling, math, and science also improved by 10-14%. In 2015, a study by the University of Salford (UK) emphasized that differences in classroom physics (air quality, color, and lighting) enhance learning outcomes in elementary school students. 16% per year. According to research by the environmentalist Gregory H. Kats and the US Green Building Council (USGreen Building Council (USGBC)) in many schools across the US from 2001 to 2006, the school campus Green and environmentally friendly areas (especially green trees on the roofs and high floors of school buildings) will help students improve their health, reduce the number of sick days off, increase good grades, and at the same time , developing mental clarity and positive emotions for both students and teachers.
Design of a green slope at Nanyang University (Singapore) and a practice garden on the roof of high schools in the UK
The 7000 m2 garden on the roof of Thammasat school in Rangsit (Pathum Thani, Thailand) is known as the green garden on the roof of the largest school building in Asia.
Prominent about the trend of “greening” schools in the US are the projects of growing plants and vegetables on the roof and in the home of Teacher Stephen Ritz. Starting a small high school in the South Bronx, New York City. Together with students, he created the first “Edible Wall” and the system has spread rapidly across America. Currently, the Green Box Machine – Green Project is replicating this model to support schools around the world to implement agricultural programs, teach students to eat healthy, learn how to grow. , forging life skills and developing awareness of environmental protection. The most recent is the 3XN architecture school project in Stockholm, Sweden – Where students of all ages will live and study, designed with hanging gardens, lawns and farms located outside along. according to the height of the building. Fuji Kindergarten in Japan has also created the roof to become a playground with lots of trees and flowers, helping to expand the living space, develop creative thinking and give children the opportunity to be close and understand the nature. course.
The green garden “Edible Wall” on the roof space of the school teacher Stephen Ritz is being studied and replicated in new school buildings in the United States.
AND TO HAVE GREEN SCHOOL WORKS IN VIETNAM
In recent years, a number of school buildings, especially the ones of kindergartens and primary schools, junior high schools, have been designed to organize green trees on the roof space. The most typical ones are the group of school works of Vo Trong Nghia such as: Farming Kindergarten (Dong Nai), Phan Chu Trinh Secondary & High School (Di An, Binh Duong) … have won many awards. domestic and international design. Some big cities, in which the pioneer is Da Nang city, also set a target in the next period to increase the area of urban green trees per capita from 6-7m2, public green trees from 2.5 to 3, 5m2 / person. In particular, the model of planting trees on the roof is one of the effective solutions to increase the area of green trees, contributing to creating unique landmarks in urban architecture with ecological features. separately, worthy of the title “Environment City” and an attractive tourist destination.
Farming Kindergarten (Dong Nai) kindergarten works by Kts Vo Trong Nghia
Some of the main requirements of the organizational design of trees on the roof of a building in general and school buildings in particular include:
- Design Appropriate space organization to ensure architectural aesthetic elements, architectural highlights.
- Arranging trees according to the canopy layers in accordance with the natural, environmental and regional climatic conditions.
- There is an irrigation solution with reasonable investment and operating costs.
From experience is the lead in many projects of modern school design which are highly appreciated in recent years, especially the project of the Secondary School in the plot of land with the symbol TH1 in the Southeastern urban area Tran Duy Hung, Ward Trung. Hoa (Cau Giay, Hanoi), meeting the national standard school level 2, was officially started on September 5, 2020 by Sunjin Vietnam Joint Venture Company is the design consultant. It can be assessed that, a good school design, researching solutions to organize green trees on the roof right from the initial research stage will allow to create an impressive school building, a highlight. green program in urban areas as well as contribute to bring about efficiency in many aspects of innovation in student training.
With the rapid progress in aerial greenery technology based on the comprehensive use of information technology and automation platforms, as well as the increasing popularization and marketization of the above technologies, The issue of costs as well as solutions to maintaining greenery on the roof of the school building – worries of the previous school buildings have been completely resolved.
After conducting research and assessing the actual current situation, the design plan can synchronously organize the roof space for a variety of functions associated with trees, including: (1) Vegetable garden area including vegetable growing areas, lounges, huts act as botanical gardens for students to experience and explore, as well as provide clean vegetables for the immediate needs of the school kitchen; (2) Playground areas: are places for walking, studying, and reading, including a promenade area with chairs, a lawn with chairs, large intertwined hacks, as well as a strip of trees in the middle of the kitchen. and playground; (3) Ramp combining with seats including a system of linked stairs and resting seats with functions of traffic connection, physical movement and relaxation, reading.
Plan ideas to design a large and lively green roof organization to serve many types of teaching and learning activities at junior high school in the plot of land with symbol TH1 in Southeast Tran Duy Hung urban area, Trung Hoa ward (Cau Giay District, Hanoi).
Generally, the green space design on the roof of school buildings is a modern and indispensable trend that cannot be ignored, especially in the context of hot urban development ”, leading to the limited availability of greenery land in inner city. The solutions to research on organizing green trees on high floors for school buildings also help innovate and improve comprehensively teaching and learning, aiming to educate students about green and sustainable living projects. /.
Secondary school project in the plot of land with symbol TH1 in Southeast Tran Duy Hung urban area, Trung Hoa ward (Cau Giay, Hanoi) with a total investment of up to 270 billion VND, scale of 44 classrooms with 1 floor height The basement and 5 floors above the national standard school standard level 2 by the Sunjin Vietnam Joint Venture Company is the design consultant, and officially started on September 5, 2020. This is a school building with modern architectural design, synchronous quality and comfort, contributing to the quality and comprehensive innovation of education in Cau Giay district as well as Hanoi city.