REQUIREMENTS IN THE ORIGINAL SCHOOLS DESIGNING ORGANIZATION
There are many requirements for preschool education that differ greatly from those in the upper grades due to the young age, the ability to protect themselves is very poor and education plays a very important role. comprehensively affects the development of students in the future. Unlike the upper grades, the classroom at primary level plays the most important role in preschool school architecture. The design of standard classroom space will not only ensure teaching and learning for students, but also ensure the safety of both physical and mental health for young students.
As one of the main daily living spaces of children, so the classroom space needs to ensure ventilation elements, with natural light. The volume and size of the classroom should be designed to suit the number of students. According to Vietnamese standard TCVN 3907: 2011, the classroom area should be from 1.50 m2 – 1.80 m2 / child, but not less than 24m2 / room for kindergartens and 36 m2 / room for kindergartens. In addition, the classrooms should have well-ventilated windows to create a cool, comfortable place for children to study and live. The classes must be designed in accordance with the psychology of each age: kindergarten (4 – 5 years old), kindergarten (3 – 4 years old) with vivid and diverse colors to help arouse the ability observation and awareness as well as creative ability, as well as forming observing habits of children. If the area allows, it is recommended to arrange each class to have its own storage area or share 2 layers to store everyday items.
Classes should be arranged scientifically, full of learning tools, tables and chairs should be arranged neatly and tidy. The height of the furniture should be designed with the child’s height. In addition, the furniture should be designed neatly, vividly to inspire children.
Due to the conditions of construction investment, construction area, and “trail” design, the current classroom space design does not have much innovation, mainly only meets the criteria. Minimizing, not optimizing the use of space, saving investment costs also supports maximizing the ability of children to learn and play. In fact, in the current context of innovation and integration, when there are many changes in new educational methods such as MONTESSORY, STEM …, as well as increasing demand for use, it is necessary to research and innovate appropriate solutions for organizing preschool classroom spaces.
Montessory class preschool education
ADVANTAGES FROM THE SOLUTIONS TO ORGANIZE A Flexible Classroom in Pre-school
Currently, in the context of social conditions, there are many innovations in educational needs and modes of education, educational programs, preschools are not only a place where students learn culture but also an environment to They practice physical strength, exchange – interact with friends, develop personality. New learning programs such as foreign languages, play and exploration are being integrated into professional teaching right at the age of preschool students.
On the basis of a number of preschool projects in Hanoi and other provinces led by Sunjin Vietnam Joint Venture Company, design consultancy, space arrangement solution according to flexible model. Activity has brought efficiency in many aspects because of its ability to optimize space efficiency, save investment costs, and especially its advantages suitable for many forms of learning – playing – exploring. With the typical project of the Sunflower Kindergarten (Cau Giay District, Hanoi), the flexible classroom layout solution has significantly improved the quality of education and the efficiency of the building. .
Architectural Design Hoa Huong Duong Kindergarten (Cau Giay, Hanoi)
Hoa Huong Duong Kindergarten Classroom is organized in square space, different from the previous conventional rectangular classroom design concept. Firstly, the design solution helps to minimize the distance from the main classroom space to auxiliary spaces such as toilets, storage for blankets, patio … to help teachers easily cover as well as handle the support situation when things happen faster than traditional rectangular layout.
Design of typical classroom premises Hoa Huong Duong Kindergarten (Cau Giay, Hanoi)
The front classroom wall is decorated with shelves for backpacks and shoes
At the same time, the flexible classroom space design also maximizes teachers’ ability to easily change the arrangement of interior spaces at different times, depending on the purpose of using the classroom because of the ability. layout many types of furniture compared to normal (arranged in a variety of circles, squares, in a flexible group according to the shape of teaching equipment and different types of furniture), as well as allow flexible response to new curriculum.
This solution also allows you to easily rearrange furniture or fold into four corners of the wall quickly and conveniently, saving space in the center of the classroom for the need of space for lunch break or group communication. diversity of students at different times of the day.
Classroom space design also takes advantage of the openness from both sides to arrange wide-glass windows to receive the best natural light, ensure good eyesight for children, receive wind from two directions to create ventilation. Minimize the natural use of energy, only for lighting and artificial ventilation. Along with that, in order to coordinate to enhance the exchange ability between students, the playgrounds are arranged in parallel between the two classes. Thereby, students between the two classes can interact through the safe separation railing, as well as enhance natural ventilation across the room for classroom spaces.
A classroom design couldn’t be more awesome!
Arch Trinh Trung Hieu
Deputy Head of Architecture Department 1, Sunjn Vietnam Joint Venture Company
Hanoi, August 2020